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Tuesday 25 July 2017

Architecture

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The architecture is bounded to the natural limitations and to the available materials.

On the Severac Causse, houses and barns are made of limestone. The Causse is a sheep breeding area. In the field, you can find « cazelles » : stone huts with a carbelled vault, used to shelter tools or sheperds. The Cabanas have the same particularities but they are built in a low wall.

  

Patrimony

Near of the rivers, the architecture changes.

You can find 4 sides houses with dormer windows. We can also notice the use of shist and woodworks. In these valleys, important big farms, have grown thaks to the cattle breeding and the polyculture. These farms are based on the model of middle aged monastic barns, such as the Bourines estate, farmer dependence of Domerie d’Aubrac.

 

On the laissac surrounding, the valley of Aveyron grows up in large pastures. You can see long two storey barn-cowsheds built to stock hay and seeds. To have more room, the roofs are built on the Philibert Delorme model (inverted boat hull).

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In each village vernacular heritage is witness to the daily activity . The custom was collective. The furnace allowed to bake bread , dishes and baking. Fountains (also called griffoul ) and laundries were a meeting place for the village women . The work (or congreilh ) was used to shoe the horse.

The proximity of the river led to the construction of mills that were used to make flour, walnut oil and also for industrial activities such as tannery.

 

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